EL PAPEL DEL INDIVIDUO EN LA HISTORIA PLEJANOV PDF

El Papel del Individuo en la Historia / Cant contra Kant has 1 rating and 1 review: pages, Paperback. Georgi Valentinovich Plekhanov was a Russian revolutionary and a Marxist theoretician. He was a founder of the social-democratic movement in Russia and . E l s i e r v o q u e p a g a r e n t a s y s u señor están ese papel, y aun las hay E s t o e s i m p o r – sociales de p n i d u c c i ó n en las que los individuos o las K c l l c y K o v a l z o n Plejanov L a n g e ” “, K a u t s k y ‘™, E l s t e r.

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Everyone turned their attention to every step he took, to every word he said.

El Papel del Individuo en la Historia / Cant contra Kant

The majority of the press commentators dedicate their intellectual strength to discrediting him. All the communicational artillery shoots at him day and night, but the masses stay by his side, loyal, election after election, attack after attack, sabotage after sabotage. Is leadership charisma an inexhaustible force? Is charisma the only guarantee of power? What determines the loyalty of the people in the face of adversities and setbacks? From the mystic, the unexplainable point of view, where the masses are captivated; and from the historical point of view where leaders are products of social conditions that demand the raising of voices that defend the need for changes in the system.

Some sociologists like Max Weber define charisma as an unexplainable emotional rope that is revealed in the interaction with others, as a fusion of the inner being of the leader and of his followers. Along this line of thought, a more recent study by Blanca Deusdad [2] explains that charisma is wrapped up in a mystical element and the leader who possesses it can, through discourse, express the things and worries of his or her followers.

The leader, according to this theory, is a symbol that, just like the Messiahs, is followed and respected since she or he is the guarantee of salvation. This study associates mass movements with religious fervour. To analyse the charismatic political leader as a historical phenomenon, we find theorists such as Georgi Plekhanov, who, in his book The Role of the Individual in History [3] reveals the riddle of the functioning of this apparently mysterious force.

A judicial system existed that defended the interests of the large landowners and the owners of the means of production. Only they could have an influence on the construction of the social structures.

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Within that historic framework, Tiberio and his character and intelligence are influenced by the social relations of his time, which allows the people to identify with him, converting him into a social force.

He responded to the social necessities of his time, which arose from the slave-based forces of production. This fact enabled him to count on sufficient tools to find the ways to modify the forces of production in virtue of the needs and interests of the people, and have an influence on history.

In conclusion, Plekhanov clarifies that social relations are the driver of historic events, engendering personalities that gradually acquire a determining social force in order to change the structures and direct the general orientations of the movement. However, at this point we ask ourselves: Is the revolution independent of this individual, of this leader?

Are historical forces superior to any individual? What would have happened without Lenin? However, this process accelerated with the arrival of Lenin. Without Lenin, the process could have been aborted. Lenin was a very important link. But neither the party nor Lenin were the result of something random or some kind of divine gift. They were the results of years of ideological formation, of healed wounds, of selection. They are fruit of study, of understanding the stages of history, of looking towards the future, towards a new society.

His simplicity and joviality bring him close to the homes of the poor of the world.

Chavez and Charisma as a Source of Power

His way of expressing himself and his discourse are used by the majority. He is the bastion, the symbol that brings it all together, that foments social cohesion. His charisma was strengthened because it embodied the ideas of the best human beings and of thousands who lost their lives defending those ideas.

He declared himself anti-imperialist and socialist.

He promised to unite society and encourage the participation of the people in a social fabric in order to be an example of new economic and spiritual ways.

The muse and the historical conditions of Chavez coincide in one place: The plejanog of capitalism and the construction of a new socialist society. His popularity in electoral periods or outside of them responds to the values of the society that is prominent.

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In so far as plans are carried out that aim plejanpv a more fair society where the current misery is overcome, those who are hopeful will put everything on the line for their leader. His charisma will act like a force of social reordering that will obtain the participation of the population without having to impose anything. He can mobilise the masses, appease the crowds, channel passions and sublimate frustrations.

The humble people place their confidence in the clarity of objectives, in the firmness, in socialism. Only these factors will keep the flame burning. Diversions toward capitalist economic forms will bring moral crises. With the attitudes of the bourgeoisie as the high point, the suitcase and businesses will once again be the alter-ego. The voters will seek to connect with this moral and then the magic will disappear, the illusion will break.

The crisis will bring pspel with pre-fabricated charisma. Fascism will set the stage for the drama of an unborn leader, with false patriotic sentiments.

She or he will be legitimised by elections without it mattering that they are inconsistent political leaders. Every historical moment has its possible charismatic expression.

El papel del individuo en la historia. Editorial Intermundo, [].

Skip to main content. By Rosa Tristan — Debate Socialista. Nov 1st at 3. Translated by Tamara Pearson for Venezuelanalysis. See Also Aug 13th It’s no fun being on Washington’s enemies list.

About: Georgi Plekhanov

Just ask Hjstoria Chavez. Last week, plejajov Venezuelan president had to cancel a trip to Cuba after he was told that a Ignacio Vera presents his opinion on what makes Hugo Chavez different to previous presidents in Venezuela and how, within a historical context, Chavez came to Featured Dec 20th The bust follows a series of other anti-corruption operations this year, as well as extradition requests for a number of Venezuelan criminals living abroad.

A philosopher, fisherman and former member of the Situationist International reflects on the Bolivarian Revolution. The low turnout can, in part, be attributed to opposition abstention, but is comparable to previous elections of this nature.

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