Ectophylla alba. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species e. TA TAen. The Honduran white bat (Ectophylla alba) is a species of bat in the family Phyllostomatidae. The only member of the genus Ectophylla, it is found in Honduras. Familia: Phyllostomidae Subfamilia: Stenodermatinae Tribus: Stenodermatini Genus: Ectophylla Species: Ectophylla alba.

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Ectophylla albaalso known as the Honduran white bat, can be found in Honduras and western Panama, as well as the Caribbean lowlands of Central America. Other areas this species inhabits can also include eastern Honduras, eastern Nicaragua, and eastern Costa Rica.

The range of this species extends as far east as the Atlantic Coast and as far west as Lake Nicaragua. Honduran white bat fur varies from grey to a snow-white color and they have ecctophylla leaf-shaped nose that is serrated on the edge and yellow or amber in color. Their ears also are the same color. These bats lack a tail. Their total length is 3.

Their forearm length is 25 to 28 mm. Honduran white bat wings are a soft yellow color on the outermost part while the inner membrane albw a grayish black color.

They have an average wingspan of Sexual dimorphism ectophy,la believed to exist, with males being slightly larger than females. Ectophyllaa, no metrics have been reported to support this trend. Honduran white bats live in roosts of one male and five or ecfophylla females. The mating season for these bats is during the warmer, wet season in Central America, from May and August.

During this period, the single male of the roost will then mate with the group of females. Once the females have had their pups, males will go off and join a bachelor roost with other males, while the qlba remain in their maternity roost.

Brooke, ; Casebeer, et al. Honduran white bats breed during the warmer months, typically during May and August in correspondence to the rainy season ectopylla Central America. In a roost, one male mates with the five females in that roost and each female has a single pup. The gestation period of female Honduran white bats is about 3 weeks. When the females have given birth, male Honduran white bats will form bachelor roosts which contain about six males per roost whereas females form maternity roosts.

Offspring are weaned and can fly at an age of 20 days. After 35 days, offspring are independent and are almost indistinguishable from the adults in terms of size and coloration.

From birth to independence, female Honduran white bats typically invest all of their time in taking care of their young. Female Honduran white bats form maternity colonies that include adult females and their young. Males form bachelor roosts in groups of six mature males.

Honduran White Bat

They maintain this bachelor colony until the offspring have matured and left the maternity a,ba. Therefore, the males do not contribute to the offspring beyond mating. When females with young go out to forage, other ectophyla have been known to take in the young and nurse the pup until its mother returns.


There is currently no information on the lifespan on Honduran white bats. The typical lifespan of members of the Phyllostomidae family is about seven years. Members of the genus Desmodus have been known to live about 18 years in the wild and up to It is expected that Honduran white bats have a lifespan within these ranges.

Honduran white bats are a social species, often building roosts out of heliconia Heliconia species leaves, ectopgylla flowering plant endemic to the forests of Central America. This plant can house from one to six individuals, typically one sexually-active male and 5 females.

Notes from the field: Ectophylla alba – SANTANA LAB

In order to build these roosts, the females will cut from the outermost edge of the leaf to the midrib, causing it to droop. During the day, these bats use their roosts to sleep and protect themselves from the sight of predators, using the daylight to camouflage themselves.

At night, Honduran white bats emerge from their roost and forage for fruit. Honduran white bats use echolocation to navigate at night. The home range of Honduran white bats is typically Although they return to the same heliconia leaf after foraging, they do not defend it and are not territorial. Honduran white bats use calls and touch to communicate with other individuals from its species, whether it be locating other individuals or communicating to others in their own roosts.

During mating season, males and females communicate with each other through the use of pheromones to tell when the females are in heat and ready to mate. At night, Honduran white bats use echolocation in order to find fruit which is their main source of food. Honduran white bat primary diet is figs, but they can feed on other fruits.

Honduran white bats forage for fruits at night. Timm, ; Villalobos-Chaves, et al. Honduran white bats are preyed upon by animals that can reach them in their roosts. These predators are typically owls, snakes, opossums, squirrel monkeys Saimiri oerstediand raptors. The enclosed leaf roosts provide camouflage and can help shield the bats from predators.

During the day, sunlight will shine through the canopy and tends to radiate through leaves. The white fur of Honduran white bats reflect the sun and appears a greenish color to act as a camouflage. Boinski and Timm, ; Timm, Honduran white bats are only one of four members of the family Phyllostomidae endemic to Central America. Their unique habit of folding Heliconia leaves into tents, combined with their focus on figs as food makes them a unique contributor to their ecosystem.

It’s unknown if they disperse fig seeds. No parasites have been reported for this species. Timm and Mortimer, ; Timm, There are no positive economic impacts Honduran white bats have on humans.

There are no negative economic impacts Honduran white bats have on humans. This loss is attributed to the rapidly growing human population and the clear-cutting of forests to make way for urbanization.

Their specialized lifestyle, relying entirely on Heliconia leaves also makes them vulnerable to extinction. These bats can exist albeit in small numbers in agroforestry habitats, suggesting a chance to coexist with human activity. No other large-scale conservation efforts are in place for this species. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends.


Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. The process by which an animal locates itself with respect to other animals and objects by emitting sound waves and sensing the pattern of the reflected sound waves.

Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a now extinct synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities.

Iteroparous animals must, by definition, survive over multiple seasons or periodic condition changes. Epiphytes and climbing plants are also abundant. Precipitation is typically not limiting, but may be somewhat seasonal.

The skull and teeth of Ectophylla alba. Predation by squirrel monkeys and double-toothed kites on tent-making bats.

Tent selection, roosting ecology and social organization of the tent-making bat, Ectophylla alba, in Costa Rica. Accessed November 15, at http: The phyllostomid bats, Ectophylla alba and Vampyrum spectrum, in Costa Rica.

The distributional status of some Costa Rican bats. A melanized subcutaneous covering of the cranial musculature in the phyllostomid bat, Ectophylla alba. Social calls produced within and near alab roost in two species of tent-making bats, Dermanura watsoni and Ectophylla alba. Evolutionary implications of the karyotypes of the stenodermine genera Ardops, Ariteus, Phyllops, and Ectophylla. Agroforestry systems conserve species-rich but modified assemblages of tropical birds and bats.

Developement of microsatellite loci for the Honduran white-bat Ectophylla alba by using Illumina paired-end sequences.

Honduran White Bat (Ectophylla alba) ·

Ecological apsects of the tent buiding process by Ectophylla alba Chiroptera: Roosting requirements of white tent-making bat Ectophylla alba Chiroptera: Tent building by female Ectophylla alba Chiroptera: Energetics of tent roosting in bats: The case of Ectophylla alba and Uroderma bilobatum Chiroptera: Mammalian Species Selection of roost sites by Honduran white bats, Ectophylla alba Chiroptera: Implications of a specialized diet for the foraging behavior of the Honduran white bat, Ectophylla alba Chiroptera: Help us improve the site by taking our survey.

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Geographic Range Ectophylla albaalso known as the Honduran white bat, can be found in Honduras and western Panama, as well as the Caribbean lowlands of Apba America.